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RHD Operational Procedure – Technical Services Wing
Social and Environment - Re-settlement Division
OP/SE/2.1 - Re-settlement Practices
Purpose and Scope :

This procedure describes the practice of re-settlement, which results from RHD development projects. The main purpose of re-settlement is to ensure that the Project Affected People (PAPs), whose land, house, business, income and livelihood are affected by RHD projects, will be compensated properly for any losses that are incurred.

Under current practice, PAPs receive proper compensation against relocation losses if the project is funded by international agencies. Project preparation requires a detailed “Re-settlement Action Plan”. The cost for the compensation of re-settlement losses – and for any land acquisition – is always borne by the Government of Bangladesh (GoB).

Projects that are entirely funded by GoB currently do not include any resettlement plan or proper compensation for LA and re-settlement losses. GoB pays concise compensation under Land Acquisition only to the legal people and never pays any compensation to the illegal people for their losses due to LA and Eviction.

Initiatives are now underway to extend the principles of Re-settlement also to GoB funded projects. This will require changes in policies and procedures, to bring RHD practices in line with those of international agencies.

This procedure describes current re-settlement practice in general terms, awaiting the acceptance of specific relevant RHD guidelines and procedures.
Definitions :

Project Affected Persons (PAPs) - People affected by the intervention of RHD projects and project-related changes in the use of land and other resources adversely affecting income and sources of living of the people of the vicinity.

Re-settlement - is the process of dealing with the inevitable losses suffered by the population, resulting from development projects.

Re-settlement effects - may be losses of physical and non-physical assets, including homes, communities, productive land, income-earning assets and sources, subsistence, resources, cultural sites, social structures, networks and ties, cultural identity and mutual help mechanisms.

Resettlement Plan - is a time-bound action plan with a budget, setting out re-settlement strategy, objectives, entitlement, actions, responsibilities, monitoring and evaluation.

Comparative Re-settlement Practices Report - is a consolidated, comparative and analytical study report, summarising and comparing progress on the re-settlement components of different projects.
Responsibility :

Superintending Officer/Project Director - Responsible for the overall management of a development project, and thereby also for the re-settlement component of any project.

Additional Chief Engineer - Technical Services Wing (ACE-TSW) - Responsible for final review signing documents related to re-settlement expenditure (Re-settlement Budget, NGO Budget, Appointment of NGO/ Re-settlement Consultant, etc.) under RHD. Where necessary, sent to the Chief Engineer for final decision or approval.

Superintendent Engineer - Social & Environment Circle (SE-SEC) - Responsible for the overall monitoring of Re-settlement Plans and checking of re-settlement practices on a random sample basis.

Executive Engineer - Re-settlement Division (EE-RD) - Responsible for making regular monthly or quarterly re-settlement reports, based on re-settlement progress reports as sent by re-settlement management NGOs or a Re-settlement Consultant, working at project level.

He will prepare an analytical and consolidated Report on the progress of on-going re-settlement practices and status of re-settlement completion and proposed projects.

Responsible for arranging and compilation of re-settlement data and drafting reports and collecting and systematically preserving of re-settlement related documents, reports, studies, publications, maps, data, etc., with a view to establish a Re-settlement data bank and Library.
Method :

The scope of re-settlement activities and the Re-settlement Plan will depend upon funding sources and on the degree of re-settlement involved. These will be described in detail in the draft RHD Guidelines on Land Acquisition and Re-settlement (currently under preparation).

A full Re-settlement Plan, required wherever there are significant re-settlement losses, is likely to include the following elements:

· Scope of land acquisition and re-settlement

· Socio-economic information

· Re-settlement Objectives, policy framework and Compensation entitlements

· Consultation and grievance redress participation

· Relocation of housing and re-settlements elsewhere voluntarily/involuntarily

· Lost Income and livelihood restoration strategy

· Institutional Framework

· Re-settlement budget

· Re-settlement Implementing NGO mobilisation

· Re-settlement Village/Commercial Site development

· Implementation Schedule

· Monitoring and Evaluation
References :

· RHD Guidelines on Land Acquisition and Resettlement (under preparation)

· The World Bank Operational Manual, Operational Directive, 4.30, June 1990.

· ADB, Summary of the Handbook on Re-settlement, A Guide to Good Practice, 1998.

· Bangladesh Re-settlement Policy and Practice, Review and Recommendations, Jamuna Multipurpose Bridge Authority, RETA No. 5781, BCL, May 1999.
Procedure Flowchart :

The procedure flowchart for this procedure is detailed below -




For duties associated with each grade of personnel see


Updated on : 1/12/2003