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RHD Operational Procedure Technical Services Wing
Social and Environment - Environment Division
OP/SE/3.4 - Environmental Management Plan
Purpose and Scope :

The purpose of Environmental Management Plan (EMP) is to structure environmentally sound working practices and mitigation measures during road and bridge construction and maintenance works. The EMP should be drawn up during development/maintenance works design, based upon the IEE and EIA prepared.
Definitions :

Base Camps - Base camps are constructed at any stage of a project to accommodate the work force. They may be temporary, semi-permanent or permanent.

Barriers - Barriers are a means of security. Such obstructions however are not selective. Relevant factors exist pedestrian and vehicular traffic patterns, wildlife migration, aesthetic impact, effect on adjacent land or water use.

Buffer Zones - Buffer Zones are spaces that provide natural environmental protection from damage by external events. They are usually vegetated, depending on the purpose and can provide windbreaks, erosion control, sediment traps, wildlife shelter, sound insulation and visual screening.

Environmental Management Plan - EMP is a plan for environmental activities during project construction, designed to ensure sound environmental management, mitigating adverse environmental impacts and maximising beneficial effects within an overall objective of sustainable development.

Residual Impact - Environmental impacts that remain after implementation of the measures specified in the Environmental Management Plan.

Mitigation - The minimisation, elimination, reduction or control of adverse environmental impacts of RHD projects.
Responsibility :

Superintending Engineer - Social & Environment Circle (SE-SEC)

The Superintending Engineer (SE) should arrange sufficient budget and technical staff to accomplish the stated environmental management objectives.

The SE should review the EMP document and ensure that, with required adjustment, its conclusions are taken forward in conformity with the advice provided in the EA report.

Executive Engineer - Environment Division (EE-ED)

The Executive Engineer (EE) should check whether environmental management components are appropriately selected or not.

Review the document and verify that, the management components make sufficient provision for mitigation, enhancement and compensation.

Executive Engineer - Field Division (EE-FD)

Check and ensure that the EMP is carried out in terms of:

Reliability of data - related to the project stages

Adequacy of people's involvement- related to maintenance exercise at different project stages

Identify major cumulative and residual impacts after EMP implementation.

Superintending Engineer - Field (SE-F)

The Superintending Engineer (SE) in association with the SE-S&EC, should arrange sufficient budget and technical staff to accomplish the stated environmental management objectives.

The Superintending Engineer is responsible for preparation and implementation of EMP at different stages of the project.

He should check and review that; the EMP ensures conciseness and relevance of summary, conclusions and recommendations.

He should also verify whether the EMP addresses appropriate management measures and monitoring plan and their cost estimates.

Arrange institutional co-ordination with DoE, LGED, BWDB, FD, DOF and relevant NGOs for effective implementation of EMP.
Method :


1. EMP is formulated during preparation of EIA, which include details of the management initiatives to be implemented during both the construction and operational phase of the road and bridge.

2. In special cases, depending on the local conditions and to incorporate in the contractors Contract Document, EMP needs to be procured following OP/SE/3.2.


EMP is carried out where each of the major project components and the management of their respective impacts are described by project phase. The methods and procedures that need to be maintained in formulating EMP are:

1. Mitigation and enhancement measures by introducing alternative project design, construction method or modification of a component to enhance a secondary benefit or minimise an impact. Waste disposal procedures (include oil, diesel, construction waste, etc).

2. Ensure environmental protection and monitoring activities, which should run through construction, operation and decommissioning stages of road and bridge projects. This will allow early detection of unexpected impacts and development of measures to deal with them.

3. Compensation and rehabilitation measures should be included in the EMP. In all RHD projects significant residual impacts remain after implementation of mitigation actions, such as re-settlement of displaced people need infrastructure support (schools, mosque, market, water supply, sanitation, healthcare, road network etc).

4. Institutional arrangements should be outlined in the EMP for the mitigation, enhancement, monitoring and other components of environmental management. Institutional support should be developed in close co-operation with RHD; supporting agencies include LGED, BWDB, DOF, FD, DoE and relevant NGOs.

5. Accidental activities should be dealt with by contingency plans specific to the predicted accidents or hazards for road and bridge projects.

6. Prepare Cost Estimates for 1 to 5 above.

7. The EMP should be prepared through consultation and participation arrangement with local people. This process will achieve consensus between the RHD project planning and design engineers, local government organisations (LGED), local people and NGOs.


EMP should result in improving environmental performance by the Contractor: either through spending money on this activity. This should include a monitoring programme, such as the indicative one included as an example in OP/SE/3.3.

This is likely to require allowance in the budget (approved by RHD) and will affect on site working practices. Monitoring of a Contractor's Environmental performance will be needed to ensure due attention is given to environmental activity. This process is outlined in Procedure OP/SE/3.3.
References :

Environmental Guidelines, Volume 1, Environmental Management in the Roads and Highways Department, Ministry of Communications, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka, January 2003.

EIA Guidelines for Industries, Department of Environment, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka, 1997.

Environmental Water Quality Standard, Department of Environment, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka, 1991.

Draft National Land Transport Policy, Ministry of Communications, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka, April 2002.

Construction Practices and Procedures Manual, Roads and Highways Department, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka, May 2001.

Site Plan.
Procedure Flowchart :

The procedure flowchart for this procedure is detailed below -




For duties associated with each grade of personnel see


Updated on : 1/12/2003